People are conscious about their health they want to know about the effect of drinking coffee and tea on their bodies. In this article we cover brief over tea and coffee after reading this you will get the answer to the question which is more harmful tea or coffee. What to drink in the morning for energy or which is more beneficial for health as we also cover the pros and cons of tea and coffee drinking.
Tea Vs Coffee: A Brief Overview
For decades, people from countries all across the world have started their day with a cup of coffee and tea. Tea and Coffee is the favorite drink of almost everyone in this globe. Besides water, these are the most popular beverages on the earth, acts as a stimulant. Hot and cold drinks not only warm the body but also energized us.
Tea and coffee are a valuable and healthful alternative to wine. Now a day coffee becomes non-alcoholic drinks such as mineral waters, soft drinks and juices. They have competed with both tea and coffee. They can be used in social events, parties, official meetings and simply on a mundane basis. And these are also an essential part of people’s daily meal plan and diet.
History of coffee and Tea
Both tea and coffee have a legendary past.
First, the Chinese cultivated the tea plant almost in 350 AD. In the 17th century, England’s Charles II has declared the tea as a fashionable drink for the elite. Tea is made from the leaves of a shrub of the Camellia genus.
In the sixth century, farmers from Yemen were already growing coffee cherries. According to legend, a goat herder whose name was Kaldi in Ethiopia, first find the coffee cherries. He noticed that his goats were showing strength after eating a specific form of a cherry. After this, he tried the berries and felt that he too felt a strange kind of energy.
The emergence of coffee took its time but eventually traveled from Ethiopia. Then it reached the northern region of Africa, Persia, Turkey, and Europe. After that subsequently becomes an important beverage.
Tea and Coffee Culture
Coffee is the so-called “modern culture”. Coffee is one for fast-paced social interaction and quick movement. Usually for the working people that need the physical stimulus to remain active. Many of them could not imagine beginning their day without a rich amount of caffeine.
On the other hand, tea is a whole different beverage. Tea is typically consumed in a slower-paced social environment. The tea is more sweet and gentle in its taste. Usually the choice of people that are old aged. Tea is popular in eastern and African countries.
Usually, tea is considered a genteel beverage, slow, calm and tranquil. On the other hand coffee, culture is fast-paced and frantic.
Compounds in Tea and Coffee
There are two main varieties of tea leaves, namely large-leaved Assam tea and small-leaved China tea. Three main kinds of black, white and green, are derived from the tea plant Camellia Sinensis. Black tea leaves are fermented while green and white are not. All varieties contain polyphenols a class of flavonoids. That function as powerful antioxidants that can protect the body from free radical stress.
The most notable is quercetin, well known and very can also useful in helping to fight and prevent cancer. Cancer rates in Asian countries are the lowest in the world. Because Asian people consumed more tea as compared to the west.
Tea contains Vitamin E & C, tannin, catechin, Vitamin Natural fluorine and Polysaccharides. Tannin and catechin that helpful in fighting against diseases like cancer and heart disease.
There are two major kinds of coffee Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. In the Arabica the quantity of caffeine is 75–130 mg per 6 oz cup while in the quantity of caffeine is almost 140–200 mg per 6 oz cup. Arabica beans are considered far more superior to Robusta in terms of flavors and quality. Robusta beans contain more caffeine that’s why possess much more disease resistance. Another less popular coffee bean is Coffee Liberia that is almost similar in taste to robusta. Excelsa coffee bean even rarer than Liberia.
Coffee contains chlorogenic acid, phenolic acid, amino acid, caffeine. Coffee also contains trigonelline, carbohydrates, minerals, organic acids aldehydes, ketones, esters, amines, and mercaptans. Some antioxidants in coffee that prevent us from many diseases and enhance health.
Differentiate between Coffee and Tea
Tea is different from coffee in many ways:
Just as tea has a wide range of herbal blends. Coffee has a variety of flavors. Although coffee and tea share many characteristics and properties. Coffee is unique in a way that the taste coffee beans will always reflect the soil properties and climate of where they are cultivated. A coffee bean that is cultivated in one region of the world will always vary taste and flavor from one grown anywhere else in the world.
Another difference between tea and coffee is that coffee is more often enjoyed with more additives and condiments. Coffee also enjoyed with powerful flavor and the rich body more flavor and taste. While tea is typically served with just milk and sugar.While both tea and pure coffee have many nutritional benefits. However, In India and Asia, a very special tradition sprang up: chai masala, Iced Tea, Iced Ginger Tea, Spiced Iced Tea and Mint Julep Iced Tea.
Coffee is extremely acidic the give it its brightness, its liveliness bitter. However, ‘Theine‘ is much less acidic and gentler on the digestive system. Tea is a healthier and longer-lasting fix than coffee.
Usually, Coffee’s taste, aroma and type depend on the brewing method. While the taste of Tea might be different because generally for flavor and aroma spices like ginger, cardamom, pepper is added.
Is there more caffeine in tea than coffee?
Both coffee and tea contain caffeine. Interestingly, fresh leaves of the tea plant contain the most caffeine, around 5 % and coffee beans 2%. The process of harvesting and brewing techniques reduced this quantity. The amount of caffeine per cup in the different hot beverage
|Black tea||40 mg|
|White tea||15 mg|
|Green tea||20 mg|
|Rooibos & Herbals||Zero mg|
As shown above, coffee contains a double quantity of caffeine per regular cup as compared to tea. Caffeine is central in the nervous system stimulant and metabolism.
The caffeine in coffee has immediate effects and is a central nervous system. It accelerates heart rate, raises blood pressure and excites us, popularly known as “coffee jitters“.
Caffeine in tea is called theine, stimulating the effect of caffeine in tea usually takes longer to enter the bloodstream as a coffee can. As a whole, the effects of theine in tea on the Central nervous system and cardiovascular system are mellower. It helps to increase concentration levels, also a relaxed sense of alertness.
The caffeine reduced the risk of breast cancer, bladder cancer, ulcers, indigestion, and osteoporosis.
Advantages and disadvantages of coffee and tea.
Both tea and coffee are different in their taste, color and aroma, have good and bad benefits, health and unhealthy at the same time. Most people argue about the advantages and disadvantages of coffee and tea. Here are the salient points to understand about the battle between coffee and tea.
Pros and cons of Coffee and Tea
Today tea is known as a healthier alternative to the daily drink.
The antioxidants in green decrease the risk of cancers (breast, ovarian, pancreatic), heart disease also helps in stress relief, weight loss and fat reduction. Green tea also controls high blood pressure, balanced blood sugar level, suppress aging, prevent and treat skin disease, stop cavities, and fight viruses. Regular black tea drinkers have less risk of developing heart disease.
The consumption of tea may reduce the risk of depression. The observation is that a person who drinks three cups of tea daily is far less likely to suffer from depression and tension.
Tea is a good heart, decreases serum cholesterol, triglycerides and fatty acids. Also high in antioxidants that prevent free radical damage.
Tea contains some particular ingredients that provide immense relief from inflammatory disorders and arthritis, also reduces blood clotting.
Green Tea is rich with antioxidant, named Catechin Polyphenols. It contains Epigallocatechin Gallate or (EGCG in short) that has the ability to destroy cancer cells. It also inhibits the abnormal growth of cells. Green tea is very helpful to eliminate bad breath, excess fat and acne. Green tea prevents bone loss.
Tea is good for the heart, decrease decreases the serum cholesterol, fatty acid and triglyceride and coffee fat-like chemical cafestol that increases the level of cholesterol. Black Coffee is helpful to prevent the risk of a heart attack.
Coffee has so many benefits and the most important one is very beneficial for the patient of diabetes. It contains the antioxidant chlorogenic acid which reduced glucose absorption also improve how the body uses insulin. At least, two or three cups of coffee per day balance sugar in the human body.
It is popular because it contains caffeine which is a very effective agent. It is useful for the patient of asthma, it relaxes the bronchial tubes of the lungs.
Coffee is also aided in combating drowsiness, temporarily boosting athletic performance, eases congestion due to cold and flu that prevent asthma attacks and enhances the pain-relieving effects of aspirin.
The Coffee contains neurotransmitters such as serotonin (the happy hormone). Which decrease fatigue and makes you feel fresh and happy.
Coffee also contains magnesium which is very important to relax the nerves and muscles also strengthens bones and enhance blood circulation.
Black coffee contains a huge amount of Coffee caffeine which helps us stay awake. Additionally, it contains antioxidants that help decrease the risk of cancer.
It contains some natural ingredients that decrease the risk of the formation of the gallstones. It also minimizes the risk of believed neurological disorders.
Tea and coffee compete with each other in many ways.
Both coffee and tea are rich in antioxidants although it is said that tea has more of these. There are three types of antioxidants: thiols, ascorbic acid and polyphenols. Tea has been found to be Tea is rich in polyphenols which increases metabolism, activates the enzymes to block fatty substances thus helpful in weight loss. On the other hand, Coffee contains antioxidants that also effective in weight loss.
Besides benefits, there is also harm to coffee and tea. Caffeine has a negative effect when consumed in a large amount. Drinking more than five cups of coffee can lead to unhealthy effects on the body. Negative effects of caffeine include increased cortisol levels (stress hormone) and blood that can increase anxiety and insomnia. Thus produces fatigue, headaches, decreased alertness and irritability.
The continuous consumption of coffee can cause teeth discoloration. But tea, maintain white teeth while Black tea used as a gargle for keeping the teeth and gums strong. Nowadays, iced tea is very popular which contains much sugar that is harmful.
Both tea and coffee are acidic in nature, however, they vary in amount. Coffee is much acidic than tea. Acidity tends to damage the stomach and digestive system.
The consumption of coffee is highest in North America and Europe but hardly consumed in the former Soviet Union, Africa or Asia, except in Japan, the Philippines, Israel, and South Korea. While Tea consumption per capita is highest in the south-west and south Asia and North Africa, Russia and also in the British Isles, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Tea is often less popular Americas, tropical Africa or in Europe.
Medicinal uses of tea and coffee
- Lemon tea with biscuits is used to cure loose motions.
- In the morning, Honey with tea decrease obesity.
- For removing the phlegm ginger tea is used.
- After lunch, black tea is used to cure windy troubles.
- Dry Tea leaves with very little sugar are used as skincare lotion.
- The cup of hot black coffee is helpful to cure Sleepiness and Lethargy.
- Coffee is used as an energizer. Add a spoon of honey in the cup of coffee will energize the body.
In nutshell, Coffee and tea are a famous drink in many countries, but typically one predominates. Coffee is the preferred beverage in America and Europe and the tea in Asia and Africa. For decades coffee and tea have been enjoyed both for their potent caffeine properties and for the unique, bold flavor and aroma. Many people enjoy sharing a good cup of coffee and tea with their friends and family. Others savor their daily break from work with a perfect cup of coffee or tea. Thus whether enjoyed for delicious, smooth flavor or for the rejuvenation, both coffee and tea are the choices of the millions of people, equally popular in east and west.